7 mins read; Research Time: 96 hours
CBD and THC are the two main active phytocannabinoids, which are present in the cannabis plants. Both have some similarities, as well as dissimilarities.
Through this article – CBD vs THC, we aim to show you the difference between them. Not only the difference, but you can also know about them in detail.
What is CBD?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is now becoming a buzzy wellness product. It’s available in diverse forms, which makes it a convenient option for many people.
In fact, it’s one of the important chemical compounds among other compounds present in the plant cannabis. It has many therapeutic benefits, which can prove to be beneficial for treating several diseases.
Moreover, while comparing with THC (another important chemical compound), cannabidiol is non-psychoactive.
As of now, cannabidiol is accessible to people in various forms.
Will CBD Produce Euphoric Effects?
As we mentioned above, it’s a non-psychoactive chemical compound. Thus, it will not produce euphoric effects.
It indicates that if you consume cannabidiol in any form, “you will not get high”.
However, ensure that you’re consuming hemp-extracted CBD. It’s because CBD derived from marijuana is also available, which is popular in terms of producing euphoric effects.
Organic hemp-extracted CBD has less than .3% THC only, whereas marijuana CBD has a high level of THC.
Researcher’s Wordings about Cannabidiol
As of now, CBD is becoming very popular in terms of managing a wide range of health issues. Many studies are also stating that it can help treat some health problems. Along with that, it can also reduce the symptoms of some health problems.
However, the strongest evidence regarding the efficiency of CBD is in treating two rare types of childhood epilepsy. The names of those two epilepsy types are Dravet and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome.
Normally, these diseases don’t respond to the traditional medications available for anti-seizures.
The reason why the term cannabidiol comes while searching medications for seizures is because recently, the FDA of the United States approved the first cannabis-derived medication for the diseases mentioned above.
Epidiolex is the name of this cannabis-derived medication. This medicine is rich in CBD content.
As per the studies, this component may help stay asleep, as well as in falling asleep.
Additionally, studies also suggest that CBD can turn out to be an option for managing various forms of chronic pain.
A research from the European Journal of Pain states that using this compound as a topical form (creams, lotions, etc.) on the skin can help lessen inflammation associated with arthritis. Not only inflammation, but it can also be useful for pain relief. For this study, they made use of an animal model.
Moreover, another study shows the mechanism by which cannabidiol can inhibit the neuropathic, as well as inflammatory pain. These are the two forms of chronic pain that are difficult to treat or cure.
As we are discussing CBD, we would like to ask you a question – do you know what a high-CBD cannabis strain is? Many of you might be unaware of this, whereas many may know this.
Right? Whatever may be the situation, here we’re going to discuss those strains.
Know What Exactly Are High-CBD Cannabis Strains?
CBD or cannabidiol refers to be the second most abundant phytocannabinoid in cannabis, but it will not be the same always.
A strain can offer THC and CBD in the following ratios:
- Balanced THC/CBD (Ex: 5 to 15% CBD and THC)
- High THC, low CBD (Ex: Low CBD and 10 to 30% THC)
- High CBD, low THC (Ex: Less than 5% THC and 5 to 20 % CBD)
High-cannabidiol strains offer clear-headed effects without the sense of high, associated with high-tetrahydrocannabinol strains.
These strains are popular among those people, who are sensitive to the adverse effects associated with tetrahydrocannabinol. The negative side effects of THC are paranoia, anxiety, and dizziness.
Moreover, these strains can also be a better choice for those who want to medicate throughout the day for controlling anxiety, inflammation, pain, as well as other chronic health problems.
Now, THC or Tetrahydrocannabinol.
What is THC?
THC or Tetrahydrocannabinol is another important chemical compound in the cannabis plant. Not only important, but it’s also a main psychoactive compound in the plant. It also has several characteristics, which can benefit humans in managing certain health conditions.
Will THC Produce Euphoric Effects?
This is because this component is the main psychoactive component of the cannabis plants. It means, if you consume tetrahydrocannabinol, then you can experience a sensation of high.
Researcher’s Wordings about Tetrahydrocannabinol
As per the National Cancer Institute, for over 3,000 years, marijuana is in use for many medical purposes.
In the early stage of the year 2017, medical marijuana has become legal in over half of the U.S. Additionally, in some states, it’s legal to use for recreational purposes.
Some studies reveal that, if it’s used properly, then it can offer several medical benefits. For example, as per the study in 2016 on mice, it can improve the memory, if it’s taken in low doses.
After all these statements, we hope now you know what they both are. Therefore, now let us move towards the differences between them.
Read and Know the Dissimilarities between CBD and THC
In terms of chemical structure, both are the same. It means both are having the same chemical structure. This includes 21 carbon atoms, 2 oxygen atoms, and 30 hydrogen atoms.
However, a small difference in the arrangement of atoms can cause different effects on the body.
Tetrahydrocannabinol, as well as cannabidiol, are chemically the same as the endocannabinoids of your body. This is how they interact with the cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2 receptors) of your body. This interaction disturbs the release of neurotransmitters in the brain.
Neurotransmitters are liable for transmitting messages between the cells. Moreover, they also have a significant role in immune function, stress, pain, etc.
Both the cannabinoids have numerous therapeutic benefits. They can be useful for providing relief from some health conditions.
CBD can be useful for the treatment of the following conditions:
- Psychosis or mental health problems
- Inflammatory bowel disease
THC can be useful for managing the following conditions:
- Muscle spasticity
- Low appetite
Many are having confusion when it comes to the psychoactive nature of CBD and THC. This is because they both are from the same cannabis plant and have the same chemical structure.
If you also have this confusion, then the next statement can clear your confusion. Though they both have the same structure, they don’t have the same psychotic effects. In fact, cannabidiol is an anti-psychoactive cannabinoid, whereas THC is a psychoactive cannabinoid.
Cannabidiol binds with the receptors very weakly. If it binds, then it will be only with the cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1). In fact, this cannabinoid can impede with the binding of THC and reduce THC’s psychoactive effects.
In the case of tetrahydrocannabinol, it binds with the CB1 receptors existing in the brain. This cannabinoid produces a sense of euphoria or high. This means that cannabidiol will not produce “high” like tetrahydrocannabinol.
When you consume these compounds, they store in your body’s fat. Thus, they can come up on a drug test, even after several weeks of using them.
However, most of the tests are to detect the THC content or chemicals related to it. It means if you intake THC products, then it can show up in drug tests.
Though almost all the drug tests are for checking the tetrahydrocannabinol content, there are CBD-sensitive tests as well. These tests can show up the CBD content. This indicates that if you intake CBD products, then it can come up in these tests.
The legality of these cannabinoids are continuously evolving in the U.S. In fact; all the cannabis forms are illegal in most of the U.S. states. THC still comes under the controlled substance list. This means that it is prohibited under FDA, as well as under the federal law.
Conversely, Washington, as well as some other states, has passed the law relating to cannabis. Thus, making medical marijuana with a high concentration of tetrahydrocannabinol legal.
Moreover, in some states, it’s legal to use marijuana for recreational purposes, but still it is federally illegal. The laws are continuously changing; hence, you must always stay up to date on your state laws.
Now, in the states where marijuana is legal to use for medical or recreational purposes, you can also buy cannabidiol. Cannabidiol doesn’t come from marijuana only; it can come from hemp as well. It’s because the CBD content in hemp is often high and moreover, hemp plants are legal to cultivate.
According to the scientific research, cannabidiol is well-tolerated, even if people consume it in heavy doses.
Studies suggest that the side effects associated with this cannabinoid are mostly due to the drug-to-drug interactions. It means if cannabidiol interacts with any other medicines that you are taking, then it may result in certain side effects.
However, if you intake THC, it can cause the following side effects:
- Dry mouth
- Loss of memory
- Coordination problems
- Red eyes
- Increase in heart rate
These side effects occur due to the psychoactive properties of the compound.
However, using a high amount of tetrahydrocannabinol can lead to adverse psychic (mind-altering) effects for the long-term. This condition is applicable mainly for adolescents who intake this component in large amounts.
Moreover, the usage of this component can increase the threat of schizophrenia (a psychiatric disorder).
Researchers say that THC will get you high, but cannabidiol will not. Do you know why it’s like that?
If no, then read on.
Why THC Produces a Feeling of High, And Not CBD?
It’s a fact that many researchers are stating – cannabidiol will not produce high, but THC will.
This is because, as per the studies, tetrahydrocannabinol activates the CB1 receptors, whereas cannabidiol hinders it.
THC binds with the cannabinoid receptors type 1 in your brain’s reward system. This is the main factor in cannabis capability to provide the sensation of euphoria.
However, cannabidiol will not make the user feel high; instead, it may control the cognitive deficits occurring due to tetrahydrocannabinol. Not only this, but it may also control the psychosis occurring due to THC.
Next, we’re presenting a short overview of our main topic- CBD vs. THC in the form of comparison.
Comparison between CBD and THC in Short
|1. It’s an important cannabinoid in the plant cannabis.||1. It’s also an important, as well as a psychoactive cannabinoid in the same cannabis plant.|
|2. It will not provide a sense of “high”.||2. It will give a sense of “high”.|
|3. Cannabidiol from the natural hemp derivative is legal.||3. It’s illegal.|
|4. It can help lessen seizures, inflammation, pain, migraines, etc.||4. It can help in dealing with glaucoma, muscle spasticity, etc.|
Conclusion About CBD vs THC
CBD and THC, both are the important phytocannabinoids in the cannabis plant. They both have some similarities and certain dissimilarities.
Through this article, we want you to know everything about both the cannabinoids, which includes their similarities, as well as dissimilarities. As a result, we included almost all the things that we got from our researches on them.
Still, if you want any additional information, get in touch with us.
**The statements given in this are not from any medical expert. These are strictly based on our researches. The product is not for diagnosing, curing, treating, or preventing any health ailments. Before ingesting it, consulting a doctor would be an excellent decision. **