7 mins read; Research Time: 96 hours
In this article on hemp vs. indica, you’ll get to know every aspect of both hemp and indica.
Hemp and indica both are a part of cannabis strains. Concerning this, first we’re going to make you clear the evolution of cannabis.
Evolution of Cannabis
Many years ago, cannabis plants were parted into two regions- South-east Asia and Europe. The geographical partition results in the difference in their ideal growing conditions and appearance. This, in turn, results in the classification of two varieties of cannabis – C. Indica in south-east Asia and C. Sativa in Europe.
Later, they both spread throughout the world. This, as a result, led to almost every marijuana plant being a hybrid between indica and sativa.
It means today almost every cannabis plant available is a hybrid – neither fully indica nor fully sativa.
Now, let’s move onto our topic.
First, we’re starting with hemp.
What is Hemp?
It is also famous as an industrial hemp. This is a strain of the plant cannabis sativa, grown mainly for industrial uses of its derivative products.
It is one of the plants, which grows faster and can refine into several commercial items. This includes textiles, food, paper, insulation, biodegradable plastics, biofuel, animal feed, and paint.
When this term comes, the term marijuana also comes in one or the other forms. Though the terms marijuana comes, they both are not the same.
Find Out the Difference between Hemp and Marijuana
Marijuana and hemp both are from the same plant cannabis.
Tom Melton, deputy director of NC State Extension, says that both of these smell and look the same.
The difference is that marijuana contains a high amount of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), whereas the hemp contains not more than 0.3% THC. THC is the psychoactive element in marijuana, which produces a euphoric effect. This means THC can make you high.
Know what is the Use of This Plant
By going through this topic, you may get to know for what all things this plant is useful.
The industrial hemp plants have low levels of THC. It can be useful for making paper, wax, biodegradable plastics, clothes, and rope. Moreover, you can use sterilized seeds of this plant to prepare oil for body lotion, shampoo, and soap.
In addition to this, you can use this plant for grain, and often the flowers become the source for CBD or cannabidiol.
The seeds of this plant with less than .3 % THC level will not produce a psychoactive effect and contain high protein.
Tom Melton says that in North Carolina, around 95% of the hemp crops are for their flowers. CBD is much-admired as an alternative for treating several pains, aches, mental health disorders, etc. However, when it comes to CBD, there are many legal things to consider.
Know the Hemp Products and Its Types
- Hemp Protein: For making this protein powder, hemp seeds plays an important role. This is a prevalent type of protein powder as it contains a minimum of 20 amino acids. It consists all the essential nine amino acids. Moreover, it offers a 3:1 ratio of omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids. This powder also serves as a vegetarian and nutrient-dense vegan option.
- Hemp Oil: Many people may know what is hemp oil, whereas many people don’t know. Those who don’t know, read the following statements, and understand what it is. This is also famous as hemp seed oil. The preparation of this oil is by using cold-pressing hemp seeds. It’s a natural source of several nutrients such as terpenes, polyunsaturated fatty acids, and proteins.
- Hemp Seed: Do you know what is hemp seed? If no, then here’s the answer. The other name for these seeds is hemp hearts. It’s high in soluble and insoluble fiber, GLA-rich, and provides a healthy balance of omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids. You can grind and add these seeds into your morning yogurt, energy ball, or oatmeal. Moreover, you can also make use of this in your smoothies. These seeds are also accessible as non-dairy milk and nut butter.
Side Effects of This Plant
In general, if you use this in appropriate amounts topically or by adding in your food, then it will not produce any side effects.
However, if you’re taking any other medicines, then talk with your healthcare professional before getting the products sourcing from this plant. It’s because there is a possibility that they may interact with other medications. This, in turn, can cause some side effects.
Is This Plant Legal or Illegal?
Cannabis and its products are illegal, but the situation is different for industrial hemp and its products. This is for the reason that this plant doesn’t contain THC, and thus, it will not produce psychic effects.
Under the 2014 Farm Bill, growing this plant for flowers is legal. On the other hand, before the 2018 Farm Bill, extracting cannabidiol from the flower is illegal under the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA).
After the Farm Bill 2018, CBD doesn’t come under the list of controlled substances.
Thus, the products that are the derivatives of this plant with no THC or less than 0.3% THC are legal across the United States.
How the Cultivation of This Plant Is Different From Marijuana
While comparing with female hemp plants, males flower faster. The male plants discharge pollen for the female plant so that they can produce seeds.
When it comes to marijuana fields, usually male plants are for eradicating. This is because it ensures the production of sensimilla flowers.
Plantation of this plant can be more densely, whereas, for marijuana cultivation, large spacing is necessary to lessen the risk of bacteria or mold. This plant, which is growing for hemp oil is planted at approximately 40 to 60 plants per 4 square feet, whereas plantation of marijuana will be like 1 plant per 4 square feet.
Cultivation of marijuana plants is in indoors or greenhouse, but often the plantation of hemp is in outdoors.
Now, you may have an idea of this plant.
So, let’s move on to the second part – Indica.
What is Indica (An Overview)?
The origin of Indica or cannabis indica is from Turkey, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India. These plants are stocky and short with chunky leaves and bushy greenery. Every indica leaf grows broad and wide.
While comparing with sativa, these plants grow faster and produce more buds. The Best indica strains contain a high content of THC and a lower level of CBD.
Moreover, it’s famous for its intense calming effects. It may increase appetite and reduce pain and nausea.
The popular and top indica strains are Granddaddy Purple, Afghan Kush, and the Hindu Kush.
A Brief on Indica Plants
These plants have shorter stature and wider leaves, because of their shorter flowering season. This flowering season is the thing that makes it a common choice for growing.
Furthermore, normally planting indica results in higher yields as compared to sativa.
Understand the Effects of Indica
When it comes to its effects, it’s believed that the night is the ideal time to use this. These strains have higher THC concentrations and lower CBD concentrations.
This can be a great alternative for pain relief and is often a suggestion for anxiety treatment. Additionally, it can be a fantastic appetite stimulant for some people.
What Are The Key Qualities of These Strains?
These strains have many promising qualities that can help manage several mild as well as chronic health issues.
Some of them are:
- Enhances appetite
- Provide muscle relaxation
- Reduces acute pain
- Enhanced mental relaxation
- Increases dopamine (Dopamine is a neurotransmitter, which has the main role in memory, reward, attention, motivation, and regulating movements of the body)
- Lessens Nausea
Side Effects of Indica Strains
There may be many side effects associated with these strains.
The three among them are:
- Anxious mood
Next, let’s move on to their legal status.
Legal Status of Indica and Hemp
Indica and hemp, both come under the drugs in the U.S. Moreover, both come from the same cannabis plant.
Hemp and its products are legal to use as they contain low THC concentration (or less than 0.3% THC) and high CBD concentration. Thus, it will not produce a sensation of high in users. Furthermore, this is also legal for research as well as industrial use.
Using indica strains can be an illegal thing as it contains high THC concentration and low CBD concentration.
Whenever it comes to indica, many people may confuse it with sativa strains. This is because both are the plant species of cannabis plants.
Considering this, we’re mentioning here the difference between them.
Difference between Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Indica
First, let’s have a brief look at it.
|Cannabis Sativa||Cannabis Indica|
|1. Leaves are narrow||1. Leaves are broad|
|2. Suitable for warm climates along with a long season||2. Suitable for colder climates along with shorter seasons|
|3. Tall in Size||3. Short in size|
|4. Flowering cycles are longer||4. Flowering cycles are shorter|
Now, let’s move onto in-depth information on both of them. It will make you understand how they both differ from each other.
The term “indica” and “sativa” came into existence in the 18th era. The purpose behind this is to describe the diverse plant types of cannabis – cannabis indica and cannabis sativa.
Carl Linneaus gave the name sativa. This represents the hemp plants that exist in western Eurasia, and Europe are for its seeds and fiber.
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck gave the name indica. This describes the varieties of psychoactive substances discovered in India. In India, it’s harvested for its fiber, seeds, and for producing hashish.
Appearance and Effects
Cannabis sativa has tall and narrow leaves, which can induce reviving effects. However, these narrow-leaf varieties were formerly cannabis indica.
Cannabis indica has stout and broad leaves, which can produce sedating effects. These leaf varieties were technically cannabis indica.
From this article, you’ll come to know what indica is and what hemp is. In addition to this, here is a brief comparison between both of them.
Comparison between Hemp and Indica in Brief
- It is a strain of the Cannabis Sativa Plant.
- It has a higher level of CBD and a lower level of THC.
- It is perfect for industrial uses such as rope, paper, etc.
- It is a member of the Cannabaceae family.
- It contains a higher amount of THC than hemp.
- It can be useful for recreational and therapeutic use.
Conclusion About Hemp vs Indica
Hemp and indica differ from each other in one or the other aspects. This article will help you know clearly about both of them. This includes a description about the plants, its uses, side effects, etc.
We put our utmost effort to provide you information about both.
Besides, for more information, feel free to reach us.
**The statements given in this are not from any medical expert. These are strictly based on our researches. The product is not for diagnosing, curing, treating, or preventing any health ailments. Before ingesting it, consulting a doctor would be an excellent decision. **